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Neurological Complications of HIV

As HIV and AIDS battle your immune system, your central nervous system is also affected. HIV and AIDS both cause a number of neurological complications, particularly if HIV progresses to AIDS.

Today, antiretroviral medicines—when taken correctly and promptly—help to slow down the progression of HIV. They also help to delay the onset of or to decrease the risk of progression to AIDS. Controlling HIV can also reduce your risk for neurological complications of HIV.

Pain Management

Chronic pain is pain that lasts 3-6 months or longer. It is in the brain, and not at the point of injury, that the sensation of pain is registered.

Uncontrolled pain may cause physical, psychological, and emotional effects.


Consequently, these effects may negatively impact personal and working relationships, as well as participation in community life, leading to social isolation, low self-esteem, interpersonal conflict, and work disruption

Headache Treatment

"I understand that migraine headache pain is a serious issue that many people face on a daily basis, and recognize that no two people have the same pain or symptoms. I follow a careful method of diagnosing and treating my patients individually." —Dr Howard Aaron Aronow, MD


My Approach

Dr. Aronow has been treating people living with HIV since the beginning of the epidemic, in 1981, when he finished medical school. He completed his Neurology residency training at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, and his fellowship in Neuro-virology at the Memorial Sloan–Kettering Cancer Center in New York City, in the mid to late 1980’s. Dr. Aronow was a member of the first Neuro-AIDS Study Group in the nation.

In addition to previously serving as the first Medical Director of the HIV Health Care Center, subsequently known as the Jeffrey Goodman Special Care Clinic at the LA Gay & Lesbian Center, Dr. Aronow currently serves as Attending Neurologist at the HIV Outpatient Clinic of the Los Angeles County + University of Southern California (LAC+USC) Medical Center.

Moreover, in addition to extensive clinical experience, Dr. Aronow has expertise in the field of neurological HIV/AIDS research, and is the co-investigator on numerous studies researching the neurological effects of HIV on various populations, resulting in publications including “Effects of Coinfection with HIV and Hepatitis C Virus on the Nervous System.”

Dr. Aronow has served as a board member for many organizations including the Center for Health Justice, Gay and Lesbian Adolescent Social Services (GLASS), and Jewish AIDS Services. He is the only physician on the Los Angeles HIV Legal Services Advisory Panel.

For over thirty years, Dr. Aronow has devoted his medical career to the research, teaching, clinical, and neurological care of patients living with HIV/AIDS. Over the course of the past ten years alone, he has clinically treated or supervised treatment of thousands of HIV/AIDS patients. Consequently, he has developed a deep understanding of the emotional and medical challenges this particular patient population endures.

As an open, long-time survivor of HIV himself, Dr. Howard Aaron Aronow has a lengthy and unique personal experience in caring for people living with HIV/AIDS.

My Approach
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